Family Nurse Practitioner Scope of Practice in the United States
Family Nurse Practitioner or well known as FNP scope of practice covers full ranges of practice privileges. More than Registered Nurse (RN), Family Nurse Practitioner have ability and capacity of performing tasks such as; examining and diagnosing patients, prescribing medication, interpreting medical test result and many more. Though, family nurse practitioner scope of practice are varies in jurisdiction. Each state regulates different scope of practice in its own. The following will discuss family nurse practitioner scope of practice in the United States.
Nurse practitioner scope of practice by state 2017 is officially legalized. The American Nurse Association describes that nurse practitioner scope of practice is based on the what, where, when, who, how, and why nursing practice. Those questions limit the scope of practice of nurse practitioner. They explain about patients’ need regarding with treatment and evaluation given to patients.
Family nurse practitioner is one of nurse practitioner specialty which focuses on the providing primary care to the children and adults by promoting, preventing and educating healthy life management to them. Family nurse practitioners have certificate and license to perform some more tasks compare to registered nurse, family nurse practitioner scope of practice is much wider.
In the United States, family nurse practitioner scope of practice obtains more and more autonomy. Although in some region in US obligate a family nurse practitioner to work under physician supervisor, but some others jurisdiction give legal authority for family nurse practitioner to perform comprehensive and continual primary medical care through health education, health promotion, disease management and preventive health management.
Though the details are different in each state, but in general family nurse practitioner scope of practice can be generalized as follow. FNP has an authority in diagnosing patients, continued with treatment, evaluation and management of various disease such periodic, chronic or acute illness. In order to have more accurate diagnose, family nurse practitioner is allowed to perform some medical test such as X-rays and EKGs. Of course they also have an ability and capacity to interpret results of those tests. read : Nurse Practitioner Make A Year for Family
Family nurse practitioner scope of practice allows them to have an access on patients’ history of health condition. This will enable them to give comprehensive and continual treatment for both, healing and preventing process. Patients’ history helps FNP to figure out what kind of health promotion and education that will be suitable for patients.
For patients with certain illness which requires advanced treatment, a family nurse practitioner has a privilege to give patients occupational therapy or physical therapy needed. FNP is also capable of prescribing medication for periodic, acute and chronic illness of course based on the diagnoses made and health condition history. read : Become A Nurse Practitioner in United States
Nurse practitioner scope of practice by state 2017 permits family nurse practitioner to examining and screening children’s illnesses. They for sure are allowed to give immunizations for children and educate them about basic health management. Family nurse practitioner scope of practice in the United States gives an authority for FNP to assist even perform some minor surgical procedures. But they are prohibited from performing complex surgical procedures.